Index of Folklore Motifs

  • A

  • B

    • baths, therapeutic, 826, 850, 854, 911(908), 933, 950–51, 982
    • bells. See Salvation of Rome
    • belltower, movable, 320(312), 910–11(908), 921(920)
    • boat, airborne, 996–97
    • bocca della verità,828, 871, 872–74, 978–80, 1024
    • bridge
      • of air, 275(274), 826, 856(855–56), 1016–18
      • bronze or gold, 915(913), 921(920)
      • unsupported, 924, 943, 954, 976
    • butcher's block, miraculous, 826, 850
  • C

  • D

  • F

    • fly, brass, bronze, copper, or gold, 273(271), 319–20(311), 826–27, 831–32, 849, 851, 860–61, 910(908), 916(914), 920(919), 924, 933, 943, 947, 954, 965
    • fly in a glass, enchanted, 999
    • fountain of oil, 999
    • fourfold properties, marvelous objects with, 905–7, 933–34, 949, 963, 1003, 1018
  • G

    • garden, marvelous, 273(271), 320(311), 826, 853(852), 911(908), 915(913), 921(919), 924, 948–49, 954, 1024. See also orchard, marvelous
    • gates, legendary
      • Dominican Gate, 820(811)
      • Iron Gate, Naples, 850
      • Lord's Gate, Naples, 852
      • marble heads, 320(311), 852, 860, 949
      • Porta Nolana, Naples, 826, 852, 860, 949–50
      • Virgil's castle, 1021
  • H

    • heads, four dead, 826, 949
  • L

    • ladder, invisible, 890
    • lamp, ever burning, 924, 926, 954, 978, 1015, 1022, 1024
    • leech, gold, 273(271), 275(274), 856(855), 915(913), 920(919), 947
    • lust-inhibiting image or statue, 1016, 1024
  • M

    • meat preservation, 273(271), 320(311), 826, 850–52, 856(855), 910(908), 915(913), 920(919), 948
    • mirror(s), magic, 859, 906, 932–33, 943, 960. See also palace of air; Salvation of Rome
  • N

    • Neapolitan Crypt, 416–17, 854–55, 951
  • O

  • P

    • palace of air, 905
    • palace without secrets, 1013
    • philosopher's spirit. See spirit(s), imprisoned
    • plants, medicinal, 320(311), 768(757), 852–53, 948–49
    • plentiful fish, 826, 875–76, 949
    • Pozzuoli, baths at, 854
    • Preta de lo Pesce, 949
  • R

    • revolving castle, 858
    • roads, miraculously constructed, 417, 852, 950, 988, 990, 998–99
  • S

    • Salvation of Rome, 275(274), 293, 826–27, 856–57(856), 867–68, 869(868–69), 870, 911(909), 915(913), 921(920), 932, 960, 1004, 1013–14. See also mirror(s), magic
    • secrets, revealed by ladies of Rome, 969
    • snakes or serpents, 621, 826, 850, 852
    • spirit(s), imprisoned, 321(312), 978, 980, 984–85
    • statues and sculptures, marvelous, 827–28
      • archer of bronze, copper, or metal, 850–51, 926, 933, 961, 1015, 1024
      • automated, 275(274), 820(811–12), 826–28, 856, 865–66(862–63), 868, 869(868), 871, 872–74, 911(909), 915(913), 921(920), 926, 931–32, 934, 959–60, 962–63, 978–80, 986–87, 1004, 1013, 1015–16, 1021–22, 1024
      • bocca della verità, 828, 871, 872–74, 978–79, 980, 1024
      • crime-revealing, 865–66(862–63)
      • dogs of copper, 961
      • equestrian, armed, 856, 869(868), 915(913), 978–80, 1014–15
      • equestrian of copper, with balance, 856
      • guardians, armed, of copper, metal, or wood, 926, 981, 986–87, 1016, 1021–23
      • horse, flying, of ebony, 932
      • horse of brass, bronze, copper, or metal, 826, 849, 856, 860, 869(868), 915(913), 924, 933, 943, 947–48, 954, 980, 1014
      • light-radiating, 1024
      • lust-inhibiting, 1016, 1024
      • man, [of bronze], pointing, 911(909), 931–32
      • men of bronze, with millstone, 959
      • peasant of copper, 961
      • Roman goddess, 869(868), 870, 915(913)
      • season-monitoring, 934, 963
      • serpent, adultery-revealing, 1020–21
      • soldier of brass or bronze, 275(274), 868, 915(913)
      • talking head of brass or bronze, 321(312), 925, 954, 978, 980, 984–85 (see also demon(s) in a bottle; spirit(s), imprisoned)
      • trumpeter of bronze or copper, 320(311–12), 853, 948
      • twelve doors of Rome, 962–63
      • virgin of copper, 963–64, 985
      • woman of stone, 927–28
    • stone of invisibility, 969
  • T

    • tunnel or conduit between Naples and Rome, 943, 979–80
  • V

    • Vesuvius, controlled by Virgil, 56, 826, 850–51
    • Virgil's castle, 981, 1006, 1009–11, 1021–23. See also Cassedrue
    • Virgil's chair, 985–87
    • virgin gives birth, palace or image falling after, 857(856), 915(913), 937–38, 963
  • W

    • wall, invisible or of air, 905, 976, 977–78, 1010

Readers' Comments

Two thousand years after the death of its author, Virgil's poetry occupies a central place in the canon of Western literature. The number of responses to Virgil, however, has discouraged anyone from attempting to collect them, sift out the most important, and organize the selection in an intelligible manner. This is the job Putnam and Ziolkowski have undertaken, and they have succeeded admirably.
Craig Kallendorf, Texas A&M University
This wonderful project brings together a truly generous sampling of texts and translations that document the tradition of Virgil reception. There are no comparable collections of sources, much less sources with translations into English.
Ralph J. Hexter, President, Hampshire College